The minimum income first-time buyers need to purchase a home in the UK’s largest cities has rocketed by 18% in the past three years, the Hometrack UK Cities House Price Index has found.
First-time buyers need to earn, on average, £53,000 to buy a home in the UK’s 20 largest cities, up 18% from £45,000 just three years ago. The income to buy ranges from £25,000 in Liverpool to £82,000 in London.
Richard Donnell, insight director at Hometrack, said: “House price growth continues to outpace earnings across 16 of the 20 cities covered by the index as buyers continue to bid up the cost of housing on the back of low mortgage rates and high levels of employment.
“The fastest growth is being recorded in the most affordable cities where prices are rising off a low base.”
House prices have risen by an average of 14.5% over the last three years, whereas average wages have grown by just 7.5% to £489 a week over the same period, according to the Office for National Statistics.
Buyers in Bristol and Manchester must now earn a minimum of £58,826 and £34,770, respectively, to get on the housing ladder – a 24% increase in three years.
The situation is not much better for buyers in Birmingham, Nottingham and Leicester, where the income required to get on the housing ladder has shot up by 23% since 2015.
Buyers in Aberdeen, on the other hand, now need just £34,262 to buy their first home – down £5,388, or 14%, compared to three years ago. This is because house prices in the Scottish city have fallen 17% to £164,800 in that time.
Overall, house prices in the UK’s largest 20 cities have grown by an average of 3.9% in the year to August. The fastest growing cities are the most affordable. Liverpool and Glasgow are registering price growth of 7.5% and 7.2%, respectively, over the past year.
Price growth is weakest in the most unaffordable cities along with Aberdeen. Just three cities experienced price drops in the year to August – Cambridge, London and Aberdeen, falling by 0.1%, 0.3% and 3.7%, respectively.
Donnell added: “Cities like London and Cambridge require the highest incomes to buy a home and as a result they are registering flat to falling prices.
“Meanwhile cities like Bristol and Bournemouth are starting to register slower growth as affordability pressures increase.
“Higher prices and a further drift upwards in mortgage rates means that these affordability pressures will continue to steadily build. However, there are many cities where affordability remains attractive and prices are expected to continue their upward trend.”